The use of adhesives offers many advantages over binding techniques such as sewing, mechanical fastening, thermal bonding, etc.
Porcelain stoneware can be used instead of natural stone. It is a ceramic material like a tile; however, it is typically 20 mm (0.79 in) thick and often comes in squares of 60 cm (24 in).
Ceramic tile are clay products which are formed into thin tiles and fired. Ceramic tiles are set in beds of mortar or mastic with the joints between tiles grouted. Varieties of ceramic tiles include quarry tile, porcelain, terracotta.
Acid and alkali resistant grouts are designed to provide ceramic and stone floors high chemical resistance to organic acids and alkali in special locations such as dairies, abattoirs, citrus plants, industrial kitchens and restaurants.
Natural stone can be cut into a variety of sizes, shapes, and thicknesses for use as flooring. Stone flooring is uses a similar installation method to ceramic tile. Slate and marble are popular types of stone flooring that requires polishing and sealing.
Agglomerate is a man-made stone or tile that consists of stone pieces and/or aggregates held together in a resin. Most agglomerate tile has the same characteristics as the type of stone used, and is frequently classified as granite, quartz or marble.
Travertine is a variety of limestone that is created when heated aquifer waters rise to the surface and leave layers of mineral granules. Over time, these deposits cool and crystallize into travertine.
Pavers and quarry tile are an outstanding choice for commercial and residential application that require durable, affordable flooring. Quarry tiles are naturally stain and slip-resistant, and are available with an abrasive grain for even greater traction
Floor covering is affected by factors such as cost, endurance, noise insulation, comfort and cleaning effort. Some types of flooring must not be installed below grade, including laminate and hardwood due to potential damage from moisture.
Terrazzo, can used instead of raw cut stone and are available as either preformed tiles or to be constructed in-place using a cement binder.