For spreading personality around a room, the area rug has few rivals. What could be more elegant than an heirloom quality Oriental area rug atop a gleaming hardwood floor, or more charming than a handcrafted braided area rug on timeworn pine planks.
Knotting by hand is most prevalent in oriental rugs and carpets. Kashmir carpets are also hand-knotted. Pile carpets, like flat carpets, can be woven on a loom.
Today, hand or machine made pile rugs in graphic, contemporary designs are produced. Although those by 'name' designers and one-offs commissioned for hand-weavers are obviously expensive, cheaper massed produced versions can be very reasonable.
Carpet-weaving in Persia dates back to the Bronze Age. Common motifs include scrolling vine networks, arabesques, palmettes, cloud bands, medallions, and overlapping geometric compartments rather than animals and humans.
Area rugs made with wool are thought to be much more durable than those made with alternative materials, thanks to the naturally tough consistency of the substance.